In my last post, I made the two frames and the doors that will make up the front of the rabbit hutch. The next step was to make the sides. When I started this project, I didn’t have a fully drawn out plan, and as I mentioned in the earlier post, this is hindering me a little. I have a fairly good idea of where I’m going and what I’m planning on building, but the finer details are being designed on the fly.
For the sides, I decided to have legs that would carry the weight of the hutch and also serve as stiles that the cross-rails could mortise into. When I made the two front frames, I used bridal joints for the corners and left the tenons long so that they would mortise into the legs. I suppose I should add a link to the earlier post incase you need to see what I’m talking about. You can see that post here: The Rabbit Hutch – Part 1
I started with the front legs and chopped the mortises to house the tenons on the front frames. I then chopped mortises in the front and back legs to house the cross-rails.
I needed a grove in the upper half of the legs to hold a panel. I figured that the best available way to make this was with my plunge router. A couple of years ago, while building my workbench, I wrote about a plunge router that died in use. I didn’t replace it until this past January. As a replacement I decided upon a Triton 2 ¼ HP plunge router. I had heard nothing but good things about Triton routers and planned on someday purchasing its bigger brother for use in a router table. Though I purchased the router back in January, I had not used it until I started this rabbit hutch project.
Happy to put the new router to use, I got it out and set it up with a ½-inch spiral upcut bit. I routed three of the grooves, but just as I was finishing the fourth, the router died. It started spluttering and there was a little flashing from around the armature, then nothing. I quickly switched it off and unplugged it. I let it sit for a few minutes and then plugged it back in. When the power switch is turned on… nothing. Dead as a door knob! As you can imagine, I was pretty disappointed. Ok, I had the tool for 10 months, but this was the first time I used it. And it’s not a cheap tool.
I contacted customer service for Triton and the lady I spoke with couldn’t have been nicer. She asked for a bunch of information and then sent me a shipping label. I have since been told that it is being repaired, but it’s been nearly seven weeks now and still no router. It’s a good job I’m just a hobbyist, as I’d be screwed if I were a professional shop. I’d have had to buy another router if that were the case. I must admit, I’m getting pretty annoyed at how long it is taking. If it is going to take months to repair, I think they should ship a replacement instead.
All of the stock in this project is coming from ten 2″x6″x12’s that I bought and my local building supply place. This ended up being a very good deal for some pretty nice lumber.
1.5 inches X 5.5 inches X 12 feet = 8.25 board feet per board.
$7.30 per board ÷ 8.25 board feet = $0.88 per board foot.
I milled some more of the stock and made the eight cross-rails.
With all of the stile (leg) and rail joinery cut, I had to give some thought to the panel that would fill in the top-half of each side. I already had grooves cut in the legs, but the cross-rails needed the same. With my plunge router out of commission, I had to cut all of this with my Rigid laminate trim router. Not the best choice, I know, but that’s what I had available.
You can see in the photo below my first major design flaw. Had I designed all of this joinery ahead of time, I’d have caught this mistake. I should have made my tenons narrower and not the full width of the cross-rail. I could have made the mortises narrower to match. I could have then cut these groves with a stacked dado set at the table saw and could have been done in a third of the time. The tenons should have been no wider than the width of the cross-rail minus the depth of the grooves. I knew this, but didn’t catch my mistake until after the mortises were already chopped. Oh well, you live and learn.
For the panel, I decided to use the material that I had on hand. Namely, the bunch of 2x6s that I bought for the project. I milled some more of these to make a tongue and groove panel out of.
After resewing, I ran them though the planer until at the desired thickness.
In hindsight I don’t think that I would do this again. Not that I plan on ever building a second rabbit hutch, but if I did, I would just use a plywood panel here. This did work, but was rather time consuming.
When I laid out all the initial mortises, I knifed in a line for the top and bottom, but didn’t cut the legs to length at either end. The bottom has about an extra 2 inches and the top has an extra 8 or 9. I’ll leave the bottoms for now and focus on the top. Since this hutch is going to be a free standing outdoor item, it needs a pitched roof to shed water. I milled up some stock to the same dimensions as the legs (1 ½” x 2 ½”), and experimented with the pitch. I was sure glad that I had left the tops way longer, as this came in handy. Another two or three inches in the front legs would have been better, but I can live with this.
Once more, I turned to the bridal joint to attach the top rail to the side panels. After deciding upon the pitch, I set a bevel gauge to the angle and used this to lay out and cut a corresponding angle on the ends of the top rails.
I was quite happy with how this turned out. Cutting the second one went a little quicker. Everything is still in dry fit at this point and nothing has been glued up yet.
Of course, now I had a new gap in the sides that had to be filled. It was wider than a 2×6, so re-sawing another small panel was out. I went to my sheet good rack to see what scraps I had. I found some ½-inch CD plywood that would do the trick. It’s rough stuff, but it’ll get sanded and painted.
Now I needed a grove for the ½-inch ply to sit in. With the new plunge router still out for repair, I chopped the grove with a chisel. This took forever. If you add up the lengths of the top angled cross-rail, the top straight cross-rail and the edges, each side had about 60-inches of groove to cut.
Alright, it was finally time for a glue-up!
So, now I have two front frames, that mortise into two sides, but no back. My plan had evolved no further than this. I decided that four stretchers running across the back would work well. I could then screw a plywood back to these stretchers. I decided to attach the stretchers to the sides with wedged through mortise and tenon joinery.
Before I could glue up this carcass, I had to install the hardware cloth (wire mesh) in the lower opening on the sides. I’ll also install oak strips that will serve as runners for the poop drawers that I’ll build in a later post. It is much easier to do these things with the sides laying flat on the workbench, than after assembly.
Since this post is getting rather long, I’ll end things here and hold the rest for the next installment.
– Jonathan White
Quite a rabbit hutch you got there…
bummer on the router, and frankly dissapointing of Triton product and service… that was not that much of a task for such a high powered router…really!
Never experienced my hand routers spluttering and smoking…:-)
Good to read you again, keep it up. Looking forward for the completed project..just intime for Christmas 🙂
Bob, in Canada winterland, exploring old Quebec city, love it
Triton emailed me this morning and said that the router was fixed and would be in the mail to me today.
There’s no chance of this thing being done by Christmas I’m afraid. I’ll cross my fingers and hope that it is done by easter.
It’s good to hear from you. Have fun in Quebec! I hope you have a thick sweater for Rudy, the forecast looks pretty chilly.
All the best,
Super project and workmanship! Boy, am I envious of your Doug fir “framing lumber”. I never see anything that good here in the Pac. NW, Doug fir country. But ours is dying off from the non-existent climate change.
My experience says Coco and Fifi are first cousins to Bucky Beaver. We always wrapped the insides of the hutches with that wire grid. My wife had one that had run of the house when she was a girl. Oh, pooh! Mine ran loose in the yard. The neighbors built a subterranean box with enclosed tunnel ramp for summer and nursery use.
Thanks for the comments. I’m pretty luck that the local building supply place stocks some very nice framing lumber. It’s not all as good as pictured above, not by a long shot. But… they are very nice about letting me pick through the stacks. I always make sure to leave the pile in a neater condition than when I found it, so they don’t seem to mind how long it takes me.
I’ve stopped even looking at Home Depot, they only seem to carry Hem-Fir and it is no way near as good.
All the best,
Ha! You and me both. Why should they complain when we do their job? Ages ago, some of the struggling yards “Picked” your purchase from the stack. The next time I went back was during the final clearance sale and auction. The major borgs might be convenient for nails.
This has to be the most overbuilt rabbit hutch in the country! 🙂 Just fyi, hardware cloth is too thin, and will hurt the rabbit’s feet over the long run. 1’x 1/2′ welded wire is the accepted standard for cage bottoms.
Thanks for the info. I am using ½” x ½” galvanized hardware cloth for the sides and the doors. I agree that it could be tough on their feet if used as the cage bottom. It is quite abrasive. For the bottoms, the local animal feed and farm supply store recommended a special rubber/vinyl coated hardware cloth that is supposed to be better on their feet. I’ve bought some of this.
All the best,
Looking great, Jonathan. A couple of questions about your panels: are you going to paint them before glue up so you don’t see unpainted surfaces around the edges if/when they shrink a little? Also, any plans for caulk, especially in the bottom grooves? I did some outdoor panels recently and caulked a lot to prevent water from sitting in the grooves, but would rather not do that again if it’s not necessary.
Thank you so much for bringing this up. I hadn’t really thought about pre-painting the panels. It’s too late now that the sides are glued up, but you raised a really good point. After thinking about it, I’m going to paint the sides, then apply some flexible caulking to the bottom joint (where the panel sits in the groove) and then paint it all again.
Thanks for catching this omission in my plan. I really appreciate it (and the rabbits will too).
All the best,