I’ve been absent here for a little while (about five weeks) as I continue work on the Chicken Palace. I’ve been working on framing a roof, but as always, I sure am slow. You can read the earlier posts in this series here:
I finished up my last blog post with all the walls framed and erected. The next step was designing and then building a bunch of roof trusses. I looked online and found a great tool here http://design.medeek.com/calculator/calculator.pl. This really helped me get a good idea of what I wanted to build, but I had to figure out the dimensions of all the individual parts myself. The coop is under a lot of fir and cedar trees, so pine needles building up on the roof will be a problem if the roof has a shallow pitch. For that reason, I settled on a 10:12 pitch roof. This equates to 40°.
I modified the design that I found online slightly. I wanted to have a ridge board along the peak of the roof, so built the trusses in such a way that one can drop in later.
The trusses are made from:
- 1 – 2x4x12 (cut in half to yield both rafter members)
- 1 – 2x4x8 the bottom chord
- 1/3 of a 2x4x10 (each 10 footer yielded 3 king studs)
- 3/8″ ply for the gusset plates
- Construction adhesive, screws, and nails.
I estimated that each truss cost me about $10 to make. I’m guessing that this is way cheaper than ordering trusses.
I made a prototype truss to test and confirm the dimensions, and then spent a few days batching out all the parts. Keep in mind I was doing a few hours each day before going to work, but it took the better part of a week to design and cut out all the parts.
I put a scrap off-cut in to simulate the ridge board.
OK… ready to get started at last. I gathered all the parts to make the first truss. I used PL375 construction adhesive and screwed then nailed the plywood gusset plates on.
My neighbor came over and pointed out that the outer plates would obstruct the 2×4 blocking that I will need to install later. I got out my combo square and then trimmed the plates back with a sash saw.
The trusses will have plywood plates on both sides, but the first one will serve as a form to build all the other trusses, so no plates on one side for now.
I made 19 trusses and stacked them around the coop. Truss assembly took me about 3-4 days.
Lots of rain kept slowing me down. Standing on top of a wet 2×4, eight feet off the ground is no fun. It’s not worth getting hurt just to build this coop, so I had a few days in which I made no progress.
To make things a little safer, I made a platform to stand on while putting up the trusses.
Once I had all the trusses up, I finalized the position of the ridge boards and joined them together. The design of the building means that the corner has to be framed manually since no trusses will fit there. I found a picture online that shows what I mean. It’s not my building, and mine forms a 113° “L” not a 90°, so this is just for clarification.
I basically just built a truss in place by first adding a bottom chord, then the hip and valley rafters, then a king stud, and all the plywood gusset plates. This should be very strong.
It was also at about this time that I went all around the chicken run and added 2×4 diagonal bracing at the top of all the wall studs. This should stiffen the building up a little and prevent it racking.
After adding the fill rafters and the king stud:
So here, the roof framing is basically done. You can also see the diagonal bracing that was added to the walls. Time to start on the fascia.
It was tricky getting this stuff up and in place on my own, but eventually I got it. I want to have a small overhang on the ends the roof. A building just doesn’t look right to me without one. To accomplish this, I left the ridge boards and fascia boards long and will fit false rafters to them later.
Now we’re getting somewhere!
Before I forgot, I figured I had better remove the platform while I still could.
Time to get some OSB sheeting up on the roof. I should point out here that I hate carrying sheeting up a ladder and nailing it to the trusses. It’s probably my least favorite part of building. As such, I didn’t take hardly any pictures of this process. This one will have to do:
Once the sheeting was all nailed down, I was pretty sick of roofing by this point. I installed a metal drip edge all the way around the roof, but again forgot to take pictures. Once the drip edge was installed, I tacked on a layer of 15lb felt tar paper.
The next step was to install all the roofing shingles. I purchased 4 square of architectural shingles (400 sq ft) and ended up using all but a few shingles.
I worked halfway up the first side and added some metal brackets. These are only temporary and will hold a scaffold board so that I can more safely work on the upper parts of the roof later.
After completing the fist side, I started working my way up the other side.
Once I had shingled all the way to the top on both sides, I added a ridge cap (made out of cut up 3-tab shingles) and a hip cap.
So here’s the finished roof. Thank god that is over.
I can’t believe that this took me five weeks. At least now I can work with both feet on the ground and I can now get started putting siding on the hen house. Once the OSB is on the walls, I can install the windows and door. I better get moving. Chicks are going to be delivered on October 21st.
Hopefully my next post wont be another month away.
– Jonathan White
That’s a lot of work for one guy and it looks very well done. I’m sure the chickens will feel like they live uptown in a penthouse.
It has been a lot of work. My “summer project” seems to be stretching well into fall. I hope you’re well.
All the best,
Nice job you are making of it. Are you going to install permanent diagonal bracing on the enclosed section? I would strongly recommend it if you are not already doing so. I have seen some pretty substantial outbuildings rack with windload irrespective of the exterior cladding. Or was the intention to sheet/brace the exterior with ply before final cladding?- from where I hail from that is not a common practice as strapping is the common method. Don’t be to put off by the timeframe, I assembled a pre-made steel garden shed for a customer recently with an fellow handyman and given how flimsy it was, and how time consuming, we concluded something along the lines of what you are doing with studwork would have been a better option. Keep up the good work!
Thanks for the comments. They are really appreciated. I am going to clad both the outside and inside of the hen house in 4×8 sheets of OSB. Thats the same stuff that I used for the roof. Once nailed in enough places, it should provide plenty of diagonal support. Then outside will then get a layer of tar paper followed by cement plank siding (the same as is on my barn).
The exterior run is going to get nothing but hardware cloth (a stronger sort of chicken wire). I really hope that the small diagonal braces that I added at the top of the exterior post walls will be sufficient. It seems a week point to me, but then I do tend to overdo everything.
Thanks again. All the best,
Wow! It looks like something made for a national park. Nice, neat job on the woven valley.
Looking good, good progress, look very sturdy.
The only thing I question, is why you put the metal flashing under the felt paper? Normally that should go over, to direct the water away from the seams.
I first ran a length of tar paper vertically up the valley. The metal flashing went on top of this. The tar paper covering the rest of the roof then went over the flashing. Considering that I ended up weaving the joint in the shingles, the flashing was probably not needed.
All the best,
And one last thing, since that roof is under lots of vegetation from the trees, I would have add a strip of zinc metal flashing near the top row of shingle to kill moss grow. The zinc slowly leach out and protect the roof shingles. If you find this to be a problem down the road, just retrofitted it.
Not a bad idea! I’ll have to look into that.
Wow. This is so impressive. Thank you for sharing.
You’re welcome. It is my pleasure.
All the best,
Sorry for my slow response in commenting. The coop is a work of art. I wish I could build something like that. Well done on all the hard work, you are clearly very talented when it comes to building projects like this. Maybe you should come over and build a cabin for us at our camp on the Okavango?
Send my regards to the family.
Thanks! It has been a fun project, but the roofing had me a little fed up. I’m glad that part is done. I got all the windows installed today and wrapped the hen-house in Tyvek. I’ve also got a start on the electrical wiring, but I’ve run out of wire. I think another trip to the hardware store is in order. I enjoy building much more when I can do it with both feet on the ground.
Building a cabin in the Okavango sounds like a really fun project. Can you arrange for temperatures in the 50’s and no mosquitos? If so, things might be arranged. 🙂
I’m sure you’ll have plenty of “shop girls” on hand to assist.
All is well here. My regards to everyone,
Love the design and the craftsmanship, absolutely impeccable. Thank-you for posting a link to the Truss Designer. I’ve also recently created a SketchUp extension which will create 3D truss geometry directly within SketchUp. I think this tool may be even more useful to the DIYer who is modeling up their project in SketchUp, take a look here:
Note, that the trial version is currently unlimited. At some point I will probably limit it once it reaches a substantial enough following that warrants charging for it.
Thanks for your kind comments. I just took a look at the link you sent and it looks impressive. I have never quite managed to get the hang of SketchUp. I wish that I had, but it seems overly complicated. I suppose I felt the same way when I started using PhotoShop, but I found some great training videos that seemed to simplify it.
The truss designer is a fantastic tool, even if only used to get a general idea of what you want to build. I found it very helpful. I also took a look at some of your artwork on your website, it’s great! I see that you are also in Washington, I didn’t notice that when was using your site the first time.
All the best,